REEFS is an abbreviation for “Research and REstoration of the Essential Filters of the Sea” project. REEFS is an International initiative of Black Sea countries in support of improving the marine environment and increasing marine biodiversity. The main objectives of the project are:

  • Strengthening the joint knowledge and information base needed for application of artificial reefs to address the organic pollution in the maritime ecosystem of the Black Sea Basin

  • Supporting policy makers in defining contemporary strategies, action plans and internal measures for recovering of marine resources, allowing sustained Black Sea fishing in the future

  • Significantly boosting progress towards improving the marine environment of the Black Sea

The REEFS project is designed to contribute to a number of international strategic initiatives by adding a practical and active approach towards restoration of the essential filters of the sea.

The total budget of REEFS project is 627 650.12 eurо, of which the total amount of the Grant is 564 885.10 euro provided by the European Union through the Joint International Programme “ Black Sea Basin 2007-2013”.

Duration: 24 Months

Start Date: 02/06/2012

End Date: 01/06/2014


Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation (BBF)-Bulgaria


1. Odessa Branch of the Institute for Biology of the Southern Seas (OBIBSS) – Odessa, Ukraine

2. Mare Nostrum ONG-Constanta, Romania

3. Ilia State University- Tbilisi, Georgia

4. Faculty of Marine Sciences of Karadeniz Technical University-Trabzon,Turkey

Main Activities:

  1. Artificial reefs advocacy – to provide detailed research and analysis of the legislative and institutional framework in each partner country with respect to the artificial reefs application in the Black Sea Basin

  2. Feasibility studies and methodology – to involve marine scientists from the riparian Black Sea countries in mutual studies aimed to define the ecosystem situation, and identify opportunities for artificial reefs settlement – thus defining possible successful outcomes and assessing the range of costs and benefits associated with artificial reefs-like innovations in the Black Sea Basin.

  3. Training – the common knowledge base will be suited for special training of adults in order to introduce joint integrative policies and measures such as artificial reefs development as a practical way of helping the sea life to survive.

  4. Visibility – to raise information and awareness levels with regards to marine biodiversity threat and opportunities, project objectives, activities and results, as well as to guarantee high degree of the transparency in the usage of EU funds.

  5. Project Management – to ensure the project implementation with requisite care, efficiency, transparency and diligence, in line with best practices in the field, concerned and in compliance with Program’s rules.